Nepal at a Glance

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  • Last Updated on Jun 5, 2023

Nepal is a captivating country that blends ancient history, rich cultures, and breathtaking natural beauty. It is situated between China and India and boasts diverse geographical features, including majestic snow-capped peaks, lower mountains, scenic hills, and lush plains in the Terai region. Nepal is home to a significant portion of the Himalayas, with nearly one-third of its total length and eight of the world's highest peaks located within its borders. Spanning an area of 147,516 square kilometers, the country ranges in elevation from 70 meters to the highest point at 8,848 meters above sea level. Over the years, Nepal has gained immense popularity as a tourist destination. While trekking and mountaineering have been long-standing favorites, the country offers a wide range of adventure activities that attract enthusiasts from around the world.

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Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Total Area:  147,181 sq km

Geography: Bordered by Tibet to the north and India to the east, west, and south. Its highest point is the renowned Mt. Everest, towering at an impressive altitude of 8,848 meters, while its lowest point is Kechana, situated 60 meters above sea level.

Latitude and Longitude: 28° 23' 50.50" N and 84° 07' 32.74" E

Capital: Kathmandu

Time Zone: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.

No. of Province: 7

Population: 29.9 million people as of January 2023

Population Density: 201 people per square kilometer

Caste/Ethnic Groups: 125 caste/ethnic groups

Language: 123 languages

Literacy Rate:  71.15%

Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR)

Season: Spring (From March to May), Summer (June to Aug: Monsoon time also), Autumn (Sep to Nov), Winter (Dec to Feb)

What To Wear: During the months of May to October, it is advisable to wear lightweight clothing in Nepal. From October to March, it is recommended to dress warmly in appropriate garments to combat the cooler temperatures. Additionally, it is wise to carry an umbrella or raincoat during the rainy season to stay protected from the rain.

National Flower: Rhododendronron (Laligurash)

National Bird: Lopophorus (Danphe)

National Animal: Cow

World Heritage Site: Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath, Boudhanath, Swayambhunath, Changunarayan, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Lumbini

World Heritage Site: Sagarmatha National Park, Royal Chitwan National Park 

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